2022 Cowboys Backfield Breakdown: Going in Circles

by Noah Hills · Analytics & Advanced Metrics

The 2022 Cowboys Backfield Breakdown is part of an offseason series in which I take a deep dive into one NFL team’s backfield and examine the respective rushing performances of the players in it. In doing so, I hope to gain insights into key players from a talent evaluation standpoint, and using that evaluation as a baseline, from a dynasty valuation standpoint. The first installments in the series can be found here.

I’ll start by taking a quick overview of each team’s raw rushing volume and propensity to run the ball in general, and then dive into the player evaluation portion. Before we start, let’s define the metrics I’ll use as part of those evaluations:

Key Metrics

Yards per Carry+ (or YPC+)

The degree to which a player’s raw yard per carry average exceeds or falls short of the collective yard per carry average of all other running backs on his team. Meant to be an overview of a player’s team-relative efficiency.

Box Count+

The degree to which the average amount of defenders in the box that a player faces on his runs exceeds or falls short of the collective average faced by the other running backs on his team. Considering that the outcome of any given rushing attempt is largely dependent on the amount of defenders in the box pre-snap, Box Count+ describes the relative degree of difficulty of a running back’s carries.

Breakaway Conversion Rate (BCR)

Quantifies performance in the open field by measuring how often a player turns his chunk runs of at least 10 yards into breakaway gains of at least 20 yards.

Box-Adjusted Efficiency Rating (BAE Rating)

Improves upon YPC+ by accounting for the box counts that a player carried the ball against. Looks at team-relative yards per carry against each individual box count, then uses a weighted average (based on total carries against each box count) to generate an overall score. A score of 100-percent indicates that a player is producing exactly the per carry output of his teammates, a score above 100-percent indicates that he is outdoing their per carry output to whatever degree, and vice versa for a score below 100-percent.

Relative Success Rate (RSR)

Measures player consistency using Success Rate, but relative to his teammates and adjusted for the box counts that he faced in the same way that BAE Rating is. “Success” on a given carry is defined by gaining 40-percent of yards needed on first down, 70-percent of yards needed on second down, and 100-percent of yards needed on third or fourth down. A score of 0.0-percent indicates that a player is succeeding on exactly the same percentage of his carries as are the other backs on his team, a positive score indicates that he is succeeding more often than his teammates are, and vice versa for a negative score.


Team Rushing Volume

The Dallas Cowboys finished No. 12 in the league in rushing attempts last season. They averaged slightly more than one attempt per game more than league average. They were in a similar spot in the first year of the Mike McCarthy era; finishing No. 15 in the league and just one carry shy of league average in 2020.

According to rbsdm.com, the Cowboys were No. 25 in the NFL last year in early-down run rate in neutral Game Script situations (when win probability for either team did not exceed 80-percent). The year before, they were No. 13 in the same metric. Kellen Moore simply let Dak Prescott cook much more often last year than the year prior.

Their decision making in most down-and-distance situations backs up that pass-heavy philosophy. They opted to run the ball less often than expected (given league-wide play-by-play data) in nearly every circumstance outside of 3rd-and-shor. And 2-percent less often than expected overall.

Personnel changes on offense could shift that pattern a bit. But we should anticipate the Cowboys being slightly below average in total rushing attempts in 2022.

Efficiency Numbers

Dallas had one of the most consolidated backfields from a carry distribution standpoint last year. Ezekiel Elliott and Tony Pollard accounted for over 90-percent of total running back carries. Along with Corey Clement, JaQuan Hardy, and Ito Smith, here are the complete rushing efficiency profiles for those Cowboy runners:

2022 Cowboys Backfield Breakdown

What we see here is what the people have been saying for two years now. Pollard is a more dynamic and efficient player than Zeke is at this point in their careers. In 2021, that fact was as pronounced as it has been since Pollard joined the team back in 2019. According to a composite formed out of the percentile ranks of player performance in BAE Rating and RSR, here is how Elliott and Pollard stack up to each other in overall efficiency in their three seasons together:

2022 Cowboys Backfield Breakdown

Before Pollard got to town, Elliott was a highly-drafted running back in his early 20s who had put up composite scores of 84.6, 52.3 (in that suspension-shortened 2017 season), and 89.7. When healthy and in shape, he was consistently one of the best pure runners in the league as a young player. The decline has come quickly for Zeke. He’s recently only added value in short yardage and against heavy box counts relative to Pollard’s output.

The other guys for Dallas are pretty unremarkable.

So Now What?

My general takeaway here would be to sell Ezekiel Elliott in dynasty. He’ll be 27 at the start of the 2022 season and has been an inefficient compiler for three straight seasons. On the flip side, I would also advise dynasty gamers to scoop up all the Tony Pollard they can; considering how dynamic he’s been in the RB2 chair and the increased fragility that Elliott carries into each subsequent season as he ages.

Those would be my takeaways. But they also would’ve been my takeaways in 2020 and 2021. And Dallas doesn’t seem to care that Pollard is better on a per-touch basis than Zeke is. There doesn’t seem to be much hope of Pollard just unseating Elliott as the lead back. Those holding out hope for Pollard as a high-upside play hope Zeke gets hurt or faceplants from an effectiveness standpoint. The problem there is that Pollard himself is going to be 25 this season. Nearly the entirety of his would-be prime has already been wasted in a complementary role as a hypothetically valuable handcuff.

The other issue with Pollard is that he’s nearly 6-0 and only 210-pounds. He’s proportionally built like Danny Woodhead. Even if Zeke is no longer a viable solution, we probably shouldn’t view Pollard as some sort of 1-to-1 replacement. They would almost certainly add another workhorse-type player. Or at the very least, add a two-down pounder to complement Pollard’s spacier skillset.

Final Word

We’re left playing the same game we’ve been playing with the Ezekiel ElliottTony Pollard duo for the last three years. Except the value that Pollard’s youth added to that equation is nearly gone.

For win-now dynasty teams, or those looking at this backfield in redraft, Elliott’s a safe pick with a subdued ceiling. Pollard is still one of the best handcuffs in the league. If you’re in any other situation, you need to divest from Pollard while he still carries sexy “sleeper” value.

We’re approaching the moment of truth on this backfield. The most likely outcomes for Pollard all end in disappointment for dynasty gamers. Cash out and get off the ride while you still can.